INTRODUCTION TO SCENIC AREA
Cuihu Lake Park
Situated at the western foot of the Wuhua Mountain, Kunming, Cuihu Lake Park is honored as the “emerald” inlaid in the land of Kunming with an area of 22.1 hectares, among which 15 hectares are waters. Encompassing a host of scenic spots such as Shuiyue Pavilion, Haixin Gazebo, Jiulong Pond, Guanyu Tower, Lianhua Zen Temple, Xinan Island and Zhulin Island, the park features rippling water, green willows, the common scene of flowers, and pavilions distributed in an orderly and well-designed layout, all of which together compose a gorgeous picture. Moreover, it is a tourist attraction epitomizing not only hundreds of years of history and culture but also the essence of horticulture, where tourists can watch the moon and meditate on historical events, or watch flowers and tease gulls with food. Adjoining Cuihu Lake Park is the old site of the Yunnan Military Academy, a well-renowned military academy that functioned from 1907 to 1935 in the modern history of China. Covering an area of 30, 000 sm2, it has retained the main part, internal playground and annex buildings, and it is Modern China’s only non-relocated military academy site preserved in its original shape and in a relatively complete form. At present, it is revamped into the Yunnan Military Academy Museum, which is open to public freely.
As twin symbols of culture and martial arts, Cuihu Lake Park and the Yunnan Military Academy have a history of more than 100 years and were once the “melting pot of revolutions”; the clear water in the lake continues the historical and cultural lineage of Kunming. The Yunnan Military Academy is a renowned military academy that had exerted an important influence on the early stage of the modern history of China. During the late period of the Qing Dynasty, the Yunnan Military Academy, the Beiyang Military Academy in Tianjin, and the Fengtian Military Academy in Northeast China were reputed as the top three military academies of China; and during the Republic of China, the Yunnan Military Academy was also in the same rank as the Baoding Military Academy and the Republic of China Military Academy (Whampoa Military Academy), and they together were acclaimed as the top three military academies of China.